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Born in December 1782 in Kinderhook, New York, Martin Van Buren held a number of important political positions, including the U.S. presidency. Prior to succeeding Andrew Jackson as chief executive, Van Buren served as U.S. senator (1821-28), New York governor (1829), U.S. secretary of state (1829-31), U.S. minister to the United Kingdom (1831-32), and U.S. vice president (1833-37).