MVB notes on the tariff bill, [c5-13 May 1828]
Genl Washington Jany 1790
"The advancement of agriculture commerce & manufactures by all proper means will not I trust need recommendation" first
"Congress has repeatedly & ^not^ without success directed their attention to the encouragement of manufactures.”
"The object is of too much consequence not to ensure a continuance of their efforts in every way which shall appear eligible”—then proceeds to recommend establishments or public accounts for State manufacture of such articles as are necessary in time of war—last
"The manufacture of arms within the U. States still invites the attention of the national Legislature at a considerable expense to the publick this manufacture has been brought to such a state of maturity as with continued encouragement will supersede the necessity of future importation from foreign countries”
agriculture ^manufactures^ commerce & navigation the four pillars of our prosperity are the most thriving when left most free to individual enterprise. Protection from casual embarrassments, however, may sometimes be seasonably interposed.
"To calculate peace &c and protest the manufactures adopted to our circumstances." to <illegible> are the land marks by which we are to guide ourselves in our deliberations.
"Shall we suppress the impost & give that advancement to foreign over domestic impost &c
"The suspension of our foreign commerce produced by the injustice of the belligerent powers and the consequent losses & sacrafices of our Citizens are subjects of just concern. The situation into which we have thus been forced has impelled us to apply a portion of our industry & capital to internal manufactures & improvements. The extent of this conversion is daily increasing & little doubt remains that the establishments formed & forming, under the auspices of cheaper materials & subsistence, the freedom of labor, & taxation with us, and of protecting duties & prohibitions, become permanent”
"to promote by authorized means improvements friendly to agriculture, to manufactures & to internal as well as external commerce.”
1810—Thinking of our growing manufactures
"Therefore it may be expedient to guard the infancy of ^this^ improvements in the distribution of labour, by regulations of the commercial tariffs is a subject which cannot fail to suggest itself to your patriotic reflection”
1811 "Besides the reasonableness of saving our manufactures from sacrafices which a change of circumstances might bring on them, the national interest requires that with respect to such articles, at the least, as belong
though not before officially apprised disclosed to the House of Representatives, you gentlemen are all apprised that a treaty & the result on the part of his Britannic majesty is unknown. When recd. the subject will without delay be placed before Congress.”
"to our defense & our primary wants, we should not be left in unnecessary dependance on external supplies.
Peace message 1815
"But there is no subject that can enter with greater force & merit into the deliberations of Congress than a consideration of the means to preserve and promote the manufactures which have sprung into existence & attained an unparalleled motion throughout the U. States during the period of the European wars. This source of national independence & wealth I anxiously recommend therefore to the prompt & constant guardianship of Congress.”
Docket: Extracts from Presidents Messages in relation to the Tariff.